Disinfection or cleaning of germs by spraying disinfectant liquid is now commonly done to prevent transmission of the corona virus. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), disinfectants are chemicals used to prevent the growth of microorganisms such as bacteria and viruses.
Disinfectants do not necessarily kill all viruses or bacteria, but reduce their activity to a level that does not endanger human health. Spraying disinfectant liquid is more appropriate to use to clean objects that are vulnerable to exposure to germs.
For example, a device or telephone, door handle, faucet, remote, table surface, toilet, sink, to the floor. As for skin or body tissue, spraying disinfectants can actually be dangerous. Use antiseptics or special products that are safe for the skin.
According to WHO, disinfectants made from alcohol or bleach can be dangerous when exposed to mucous membranes such as the eyes and mouth. To be more safe and effective in preventing germs, the use of disinfectant fluids needs to pay attention to the ingredients and safety instructions.
Disinfectant for corona virus Corona virus is a type of virus coated with a sheath. To ward off this type of virus, special chemicals are needed that can penetrate the veil of the viral fat layer. Here is a list of chemicals that can be found in everyday products and is effective in preventing sheathed viruses such as corona viruses.
- Hydrogen peroxide: 0.5%
- Benzalkonium chloride, quaternary ammonium, alkyl dimethyl benzyl ammonium chloride: 0.05%
- Chloroxylenol: 0.12%
- Ethyl alcohol or ethanol: 62-71%
- Iodine in iodophor: 50 ppm
- Isopropanol or 2-propanol: 50% content
- Pine oil: 0.23%
- Povidone-iodine: 1%
- Sodium hypochlorite: 0.05–0.5%
- Sodium chlorite: 0.23%
- Sodium dichloroisocyanurate: 0.1-0.5%
Some of these materials are available in clothing whitening products, bathroom cleaners, to liquid floor mops.
Safety guide for disinfectants
It is also important to note the product safety instructions for each disinfectant. Launch various sources, safety instructions for some chemicals for disinfecting liquids, including:
- Products containing bleach (hypochlorite, chlorite, sodium hypochlorite) are diluted with water. Not to be applied to the skin. Spraying into cloth or clothing can make the fabric fade. For metals, rinse with a wet cloth after 10 minutes.
- Products containing alcohol (ethanol, isopropanol) are flammable, but are safe for disinfection of hard surface objects. As an antiseptic, sometimes alcohol makes some people’s skin dry and irritated.
- Products containing bleach and detergents (hydrogen peroxide) are used for disinfection of objects, but need to be diluted with water and the right amount. Be aware of eye, skin, and respiratory tract irritation when spraying.
- Products containing antiseptic solutions (povidone-iodine) need to be diluted for skin infection. Avoid use for thyroid sufferers, infants, pregnant women, and kidney disorders. Be careful for sensitive skin owners.
To be safer, the process of disinfection or spraying disinfectant to the surface of objects that are vulnerable to exposure to germs should use gloves. Also make sure that the air vents are properly maintained and away from food or eating utensils so that cleaning disinfectants does not cause poisoning.